What is papaya? Origin.
Papaya is a tropical tree that is found in hot, wet areas of South and Central America, South Africa and Southeast Asia.
Reaches a height of between 5 and 10 meters. The fruit contains many black seeds, which are used as a spice. It contains a high content of vitamins (A, B, C, D and E), minerals (calcium, potassium, phosphorus) and trace elements (iron, zinc, manganese, copper, vanadium, manganese). All this makes it valuable for curative purposes. Consumed as fruit mature and more immature as garnishes.
Benefits of papaya
Fruits contain very few calories (only 39 calories per 100 grams) and have no cholesterol, while rich in phyto - nutrients, minerals and vitamins.
Papaya contains soft, easy to digest a large amount of cellulose soluble fibers which help to the normal peristalsis of the intestines, thereby reducing constipation.
Fresh, ripe fruit contains a lot of vitamin C (more than oranges and lemons). Studies have indicated that vitamin C has a number of important features, including: preventing free radical damage, stimulates the immune system, and has anti-inflammatory action.
Papaya is an excellent source of vitamin A. Vitamin A helps maintain healthy skin and mucous membranes, and is essential for the eyesight. Other compounds are known for their antioxidant properties, protecting the body from free radicals and harmful emissions from oxygen, which play a negative role in aging and various disease processes. Furthermore, it is known that the consumption of natural fruit rich in carotene protects against lung cancer and oral cavity.
Fruit of the papaya is rich in essential vitamins multiply by B - group, folic acid, pyridoxine, riboflavin and thiamine. These vitamins are essential for metabolism.
Fresh papaya contains a stable amount of potassium (257 mg per 100 grams) and calcium. Potassium is an essential component of cells and helps to control heart rate and blood pressure.
Papaya is a proven natural remedy for many diseases. In conventional medicine, papaya seeds are used as anti-inflammatory, anti - parasitic agent, and analgesic, and used for treatment of abdominal pain and infection with tapeworms.
Papaya is rich in enzymes called papain and chymopapain which helps in digestion, especially the breakdown of protein foods, turning them into amino acids we need.